Posts Tagged ‘Karbala’

All Listening

April 6, 2015


Imam Hussain ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib

Father: Imam Ali Amir Mu’minin
Mother: Fatimah az-Zahra  – the daughter of the Holy Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH)
Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu Abdullah
Laqab (Title): Saiyd-ush-Shohada
Birth: He was born in Medina on a Thursday, 3rd of Shaban 4 A.H (year of Hijrah)
Martyrdom: Martyed at Karbala aged 57 Years on Monday, 10th of Moharram 61 A.H. and buried there.

Hussein ibn ‘Ali was the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib and Fatimah Zahra. Ali is an important figure in Islam as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of the Prophet, hence considered an heir to the Prophet PBUH), as well as being the first Imam so-called for Shia Muslims, though Islam as a whole considers many figures ‘Imams’ preceding Ali. Hussein, together with father Ali,  is one of the “Shia Twelvers”. (a grouping of Imams that the Shia gave credence to following their loss of Ali and Hussein.) The Shia have 12 Imams – the first one Imam Ali, third, Hussein, and Imam Mahdi the final or twelth member who disappeared in mysterious circumstances.
Hussein ibn ‘Ali is extolled by the Shia as a martyr who fought tyranny as he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid the Umayyad Caliph. Hussein was galvanized to create a regime that would reinstate into power  a “true” Islamic authority as opposed to what he considered the unjust rule of the Umayyads. He wanted to restore power to the descendents of the Prophet (PBUH). Hussein even stood up and fought when others in the family were willing to accept arbitration– probably why he is  a hero today.
Hussein’s demise gave rise to the birth of the Shia sect as branching away from the Sunni way. Shia derrives from the term for ‘band of’, thus it follows that ‘Shia Ali’ were the band of Ali, shortened to Shia. Sunnis were those who accepted–sometimes only begrudgingly–the temporal legitimacy of the Umayyad State, which was set up by Yazid Ben Mu’awiyah and his father Mu’awiyah Ben Abi Sufyan, and in fact most Sunnis today accept them as full ‘Caliphs’ or successors of the Prophet.
Sunnis continued to follow to all intents and purposes the Prophet (PBUH), but via the perceived legitimate authority as elected by Yazid. Yazid was not chosen by election or by council, but appointed himself after the death of his father, Mu’awiyah.The authority of Islam passed onto his Ummayad. Some Muslims condemn Yazid’s rule as unjustly acquired.
Imam Hussein, as a result of his resistance, was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Karbala in 680 (61AH) by Shimr Ibn Thil-Jawshan. The annual funeral in the memory of him, his family, his children and his companions who went down with him, is called Ashura (tenth day of Muharram) and is a day of mourning for Shia Muslims.
The Shia feel a particular preoccupation with the death of Hussein, son of Ali. Imam Ali was the first cousin of the Prophet (PBUH) legitimacy. Muslims, mainly Shia affiliates, commemorate this event or funeral each year on Ashura, a day of mourning recognized throughout the Shia Muslim world, and, particularly, by pilgrims to Karbala.

Imam Hussain ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib

Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – Hussain & the Existential Threats of Our Time – Muharram 2014 Night 1
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – Benefits of the Gatherings of Ashura – Muharram 2014 Night 2
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – The Greatest Lesson of Ashura: Belief in God – Muharram 2014 Night 3
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – How to love and be loved – Muharram 2014 Night 4
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – The Key to Being a Companion of Hussain – Muharram 2014 Night 6
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – Abbas; How To Gain An Inner Eye – Muharram 2014 Night 7
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modaressi – Muharram 2014 Night 8
Sayed Mahdi Al-Modarresi – Master Keys to Success – Muharram 2014 Night 9


Ya Ghamar Bani Hashem

April 6, 2015


Ya Ghamar Bani Hashem

Name : Abbas
Title : Qamar-e-Bani Hashim (Moon of the Hashimites)
Kunyat : Abul Fazl
Birth : at Medina on 7th Rajab 26 A.H. (645 A.D.)
Father’s Name : Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib
Mother’s Name : Fatima Binte Hazam Bin Khalid
Death : Martyred at Kerbala, aged 34 years, on Monday. 10th Moharram 61 A.H.(680 A. D.)
Buried : at Kerbala

This series of lectures aims to explore the event of Karbala from its core – as a massacre, rather than as a ‘battle’ or ‘tragedy’. The words ‘battle’ can give a misleading implication that Karbala was a kind of evenly fought battle and ‘tragedy’ only focuses on the emotional dimension of the maryrdoms. ‘Massacre’, however, is perhaps a more realistic term for the event; the outright killing of al-Husayn (a.s), his family and companions which violated what we call today ‘basic human rights‘. The lectures, therefore, will adopt this tone and examine how the Massacre of Karbala can offer intellectual frameworks to Muslim scholars and humanity by which to think about three key concepts central to the development of a society: justice, faith and education.

‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 1
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 2
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 4
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 5
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 6
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 7
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 8
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 9
‘The Massacre of Karbala as an Intellectual Paradigm for Muslim Scholarship’ – Part 10

Religious Clergy

April 6, 2015


Thirty Lessons from Ashura

1. Align yourself with right no matter the cost.
2. Enjoin good and forbid evil.
3. Love those who are good and befriend yourself to them.
4. Do not be friends with those who do evil, are cruel or are foolish.
5. When you love someone, you should feel their pain and mourn their tragedies.
6. The more you love someone, the more you will feel for them.
7. You should love God and His messengers and guides more than you love yourself and your family.
8. There is nothing wrong with showing genuine emotion in response to oppression in public.
9. We should all fight oppression with whatever we have.
10. There is more than one way to fight; pick the one that suits the circumstances. Ask those who are wise about the right way.
11. Ask those who are wise about everything and follow them.
12. A follower should not only incline to his leader and listen to him, but reform his actions to be in accordance with his leader’s. If he really loves him, he will work hard to avoid anything contrary to his leader’s teachings. If he does not really love him, he is a hypocrite and offers lip service but will fail a rest test if it comes.
13. If people let the memory of injustice fade, it is easier for tyrants to carry it out again.
14. God protects His message so that we may know it.
15. Godly people make great sacrifices for God’s cause.
16. The right often lies with the few rather than the many. Don’t be afraid to be a minority.
17. Hijab is precious. Family is precious. Brave, loving men are precious. Women who speak up when necessary are precious.
18. Nothing is more precious than God.
19. The jihad of men and women is different, but we must all practice patience, forbearance, and willingness to forgive someone who is truly sorry.
20. The length of your life as a Muslim is less important than what you do with that time. It is better to die at the pinnacle of your faith than to live another moment on its decline. We should dedicate ourselves to the cause of God and increasing our faith.
21. Prayer is so important that even on a battlefield you must keep it.
22. Young and old alike can do great things or terrible things.
23. God has a plan.
24. Thirst is terrible. Do not anyone or thing go thirsty while you have the power to prevent it. When you drink, remember those who died thirsty because people prevented them from having it.
25. Silence or inaction can be VERY evil. You can be guilty without committing the action by letting it happen or deluding yourself that you can do nothing about it.
26. It is our duty to become educated and aware as much as possible. Ignorance is not bliss, it is sin if it is preventable.
27. We must be sensitive and compassionate toward the suffering of others. It is wrong to celebrate in the face of another’s tragedy.
28. Do not let differences divide what the love of God can unite. Ashura is an occasion to be united in love of God and God’s messengers and guides.
29. The one who sides with God can never be hopeless and the one who sides against God can never have hope.
30. The unrighteous seek to deceive or intimidated others to be in their ranks. Do not be deceived or intimidated.


Ziarat Ashura of Imam Hussain (as)
Ziyarat Ashura
Karbala in 3D

The Steps of Imam Hussain: The Family of Hussain
The Steps of Imam Hussain: The Tragedy
The Steps of Hussain: The Tragedy of Imam Hussain